Animal Welfare Standards - Land Transport of Livestock
Animal Welfare (Land Transport of Livestock) Regulations
The Animal Welfare (Land Transport of Livestock) Regulations 2013
commenced on 15 June 2013.
These Regulations legislate the standards contained in the Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines - Land Transport of Livestock and make them legally enforceable. If you're involved in livestock transport, these standards apply to you.
Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines - Land Transport of Livestock (1Mb)
They cover issues such as
- Who is responsible for welfare when livestock are transported
- Whether animals are 'fit to load'
- Preparation of livestock for transport
- Planning the journey
- How long livestock can be off water.
As a companion to the Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines - Land Transport of Livestock, Meat and Livestock Australia has also published a handy guide for the transport of cattle, sheep and goats:
Is It Fit to Load? (4Mb)
Transport of livestock – care and responsibilities
When custody of livestock is transferred from one person to another throughout the transport process:
the person who accepts the livestock into their care and charge accepts responsibility for the welfare of the animals, including responsibility for ensuring that they are fit for the intended journey; and
the person from whom the livestock are accepted is responsible for notifying the person accepting care or charge of any issue that may affect the welfare of the animals during transport, including when they last had access to water, feed or were given a spell.
Responsible person and their responsibilities
Welfare of livestock prior to and at loading
Mustering and assembling
Preparation for transport
Fit to load inspection
Feed and water provision prior to transport
Green feed curfew periods and effluent management
Holding periods before loading, that are not excessive
Appropriate communication with the next person in charge of the livestock (transporter, stock agent/purchaser)
Appropriate transport vehicle for livestock
Final inspection and fit to load assessment
Welfare of livestock during the journey
Feed and water provision while in yards at depots
Spelling periods during the journey (i.e. animals are unloaded and have access to feed and water)
Unloading and alerting the receiver to any welfare concerns detected during transport
Appropriate communication with the next person in charge of the livestock (next transporter, receiver of livestock, shipper)